10 Basic Information about the country of Azerbaijan that everyone should know!

10 Basic Information about the country of Azerbaijan that everyone should know!

1. Where is Azerbaijan located geographically?

In Azerbaijan, which has great cultural richness, the mother tongue is the Azerbaijani language, which is very similar to Turkish, but almost a quarter of the country's population speaks Russian, so two languages are spoken in the country.

Azerbaijan is a Caucasian country at the intersection of Western Asia and Eastern Europe. Its autonomous region is the Autonomous Republic of Nakhchivan and is bordered by Armenia in the north-east and Iran in the south-west.

2. What is the official language in Azerbaijan?

In Azerbaijan, which has great cultural richness, the mother tongue is the Azerbaijani language, which is very similar to Turkish, but almost a quarter of the country's population speaks Russian, so two languages are spoken in the country.

3. What is the religion of Azerbaijan?

According to the Constitution of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Azerbaijan is a secular state. In the Republic of Azerbaijan, religion is separate from the state. According to 2015 statistics, 93.4% of the Azerbaijani population is Muslim, 3.1% is Christian, and 3% is not affiliated with any religion. The remaining 0.5% belong to other religions. There are more than 500 state-registered religious communities in the Republic of Azerbaijan.

4. What currency is used in Azerbaijan?

The currency of Azerbaijan is Manat (AZN), and the penny is called Kepik.
(New manat is in used from 1 January 2006) The new manat has 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 banknotes. 1 manat indicates civilization, 5 manat literature, 10 manat statism, 20 manats Karabakh problem, 50 manats for education and future, 100 manats for economic development .

5. What nationality are the people of Azerbaijan from?

Azerbaijanis or Azeris, also known as Azerbaijani Turks are a Turkic ethnic group, living mainly in the sovereign Republic of Azerbaijan and the Azerbaijan region of Iran, with a mixed cultural heritage, including Turkic, Caucasian and Iranian elements Anthropologically, they belong to the Casp type of the European race. Azeri people are known hospitable, friendly and helpful people.

6. What is Azerbaijan famous for?

Oil The most famous commercial and economic feature of the Republic of Azerbaijan is the Caspian oil. Oil revenues are known as the country's largest source of income. The oil resource, which has a historical past, has preserved its place in the globalizing world economy and has gradually increased its importance.

Azerbaijani flag. Baku has the largest flag in the world, right in the middle of the Caspian Sea. The height of the flag is one hundred sixty-two centimeters, its diameter is three meters, and its weight is two hundred and twenty tons. Such a beautiful work has attracted the attention of the world and this flagpole entered the Guinness Book of Records as the world's largest flagpole in two thousand nine.

Azerbaijani music and dance. Undoubtedly, the most famous phenomenon of the Republic of Azerbaijan; Azerbaijani music and dances accompanied by these music. It is an insatiable visual feast to watch local folk dances known all over the world. In addition, Azeri local clothing is a historical feature that attracts everyone's attention and includes various features. These clothes contain various information such as age, gender and status. For this reason, it is curiously studied and watched by people. Azeri music is; It has a magic that inspires many countries of the world, fascinates and encourages it.

History and Art  The old city or Р ”Р’°nner city is the most famous historical place in the capital Baku. The site, which is a Historical Archaeological Complex, includes a huge palace complex from the era of the Shirvanshahs and is included in the UNESCO heritage list. Azerbaijani art has developed throughout the ancient history of Azerbaijan and Iranian Azerbaijan. Azeris have created a rich and diverse culture, most of which is works of applied art. This art form, rooted in ancient times, is represented by a wide variety of handicrafts such as jewelry making, engraving on metal, wood, stone and bone carving, carpet making, tying, pattern weaving and printing, knitting and embroidery. Each of these decorative arts, which represent the culture and memories of the Azerbaijani nation, is very popular.

Azerbaijani cuisine The location has enabled the people to develop a varied diet rich in produce, milk products, and meat, including beef, mutton, fish and game. Azerbaijani dishes, which are very diverse, usually consist of meat, vegetable, milk, pastry dishes, pilafs and soups. Olive oil food culture is quite rare. Another remarkable feature of Azerbaijani cuisine is that there are many varieties of foods of the same type. For instance, it is known that there are more than 30 types of dolma and wrap, and more than 100 types of pilaf. This also applies to soups, pastries, meat and vegetable dishes, desserts, and salads. If you visit this country one day, you should definitely try the dishes of Azerbaijani cuisine with its unforgettable tastes.

7. How is the climate in Azerbaijan?

Azerbaijan's climate is very diverse. This diversity is primarily due to the location of the territory of Azerbaijan in the area where the temperate and subtropical climate zones meet. Azerbaijan's location in 8 climatic zones makes its nature even more beautiful.

8. What cities and regions does Azerbaijan have?

Azerbaijan has 77 cities (including 12 Federal-level cities), 64 smaller district-class cities, and one special legal status city. These are followed by 257 urban-type settlements and 4,620 villages.

Baku is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region. Sumgayit, Ganja, Shirvan, Khankendi, Lankaran, Mingachevir, Naftalan, Nakhchivan, Sheki, Yevlakh are other metropolitan cities.

Azerbaijan has a total land area of approximately 86,600 square kilometers. This area covers Baku – Absheron region (covers administrative regions such as Absheron and Khizi, as well as cities such as Baku and Sumgait.) , Aran region (includes cities and districts such as AР ”РЎСџcabedi, AР ”РЎСџdaР •РЎСџ, Beylegan, Berde, Bilesuvar, Göyçay, HacР ”Р’±kabul, Р ”Р’°miР •РЎСџli, Kürdemir, Neftçala, SaatlР ”Р’±, Sabirabad, Salyan, Ucar, Zerdab, as well as the cities of Р •РЎ›irvan, Mingachevir and Yevlah.), Western Region (includes provinces and districts such as Agstafa, Dashkesan, Gedebey, Göranboy, Khans, Kazakh, Samuh, Tovuz, cities such as Ganja and Naftalan and is located in the west of Azerbaijan.) , Northern Territory, (Sheki-Zakatala provinces- Balaken, Gah, Gebela, Oghuz, Zakatala, Sheki and are located in the Northwest of Azerbaijan; Guba-Khachmaz Economic Zone covers the territory of Deveci, Guba, Khachmaz, Gusar and Siyezen administrative regions and is located in the Northeast of Azerbaijan. ), Karabakh region(includes cities such as Agdam, Terter, Hocavend, Khojaly, Shusha, Gabriel, Fuzuli and Khankendi. Khojavend, Khojaly, Shusha, Jibrail, Khankendi, Agdam, Fuzuli, Kelbajar, Laçin, Zangilan and GubatlР ”Р’±.), Mountainous Shirvan Region (covers the economic province of Mountainous Shirvan. Although this economic zone includes the provinces and districts of AР ”РЎСџsu, Р ”Р’°smayilli, Gobustan and Shamakhi, it is located in the central part of Azerbaijan - on the Shirvan plain.) and Nakhchivan region (covers the economic province of Nakhchivan.)

9. How to go to Azerbaijan? Means of transportation 

Citizens of other countries must obtain a visa at the embassies or consulates of the Republic of Azerbaijan before traveling to Azerbaijan. (You can visit this link to learn more about the general visa conditions.). Those who want to go to Baku by plane will have access to Heydar Aliyev International Airport. There are also airports in the Nakhchivan, Ganja, Qebele and Lankaran regions of the country.

If you want to travel by bus, you can first get off the Baku International Bus Station. Then you can take the bus that go to other parts of the country from here.

Apart from the bus ticket option, it is also possible to travel by sleeping wagons by using the Tbilisi - Baku train line. Of course, it is also possible to provide transportation by air. . There is no train service from Turkey to Azerbaijan. However, citizens living in Russia and Ukraine can reach Baku by regular train services.

10. What to do in Azerbaijan?

Exploring this amazing country in a day can be difficult. That's why we recommend you to take a multi-day tour. Just enjoy the capital Baku on the first day. The seaside national park - also known as the Boulevard - and the famous Caspian sea will open its arms and await you. Walk the narrow and cobbled streets of the historic Icheri city, where handicrafts and local products are exhibited - pots, carpets, jewelry and so on. You can buy a few things as souvenirs and take them to your country. In addition, there are dozens of beautiful, stylish and old-fashioned restaurants serving local and international cuisine in close proximity. While you're here, don't leave without tasting Azerbaijani Local Cuisine, which are famous for their taste! At night, you can visit the stylish shops of the illuminated and decorated Nizami street, which resembles Italy. (Join the Full day Baku city tour now and visit all these places in one day. Click here)
 On other days, if you want to get away from the city and get forest and mountain air and see a village, we recommend you to go and see the Quba district , Gabala region, Sheki, Ismayilli or Shamahi regions.